The Ross Sea is one of the most productive regions in the Southern Ocean, with a significant role in carbon cycling as well as the massive abundance of higher trophic levels. The seasonal cycle is well established with an early summer Phaeocystis antarctica bloom that declines followed by a diatom bloom in late summer. ThisRead More..
Chlorophyll fluorescence, primarily used to derive phytoplankton biomass, has long been an underutilized source of information on phytoplankton physiology. Diel fluctuations in chlorophyll fluorescence are affected by both photosynthetic efficiency and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), where NPQ is a decrease in fluorescence through the dissipation of excess energy as heat. NPQ variability is linked to ironRead More..
The Argo Program has been implemented and sustained for almost two decades, as a global array of about 4000 profiling floats. Argo provides continuous observations of ocean temperature and salinity versus pressure, from the sea surface to 2000 dbar. The successful installation of the Argo array and its innovative data management system arose opportunistically fromRead More..