The physical and biogeochemical controls of greenhouse gases (GHGs) is a  central motivation for this chapter, which identifies biogeochemical feedbacks that have led or could lead to a  future acceleration, slowdown or abrupt transitions in the rate of GHG accumulation in the atmosphere, and therefore of climate change. A  characterization of the trends and feedbacksRead More..

The Southern Ocean is a complex system yet is sparsely sampled in both space and time. These factors raise questions about the confidence in present sampling strategies and associated machine learning (ML) reconstructions. Previous studies have not yielded a clear understanding of the origin of uncertainties and biases for the reconstructions of the partial pressureRead More..