The Southern Ocean is a key component of the earth system, being responsible for 50% of ocean uptake of atmospheric CO2 and 30% of carbon export flux to the deep ocean. Introduction Climate models and decadal data sets predict changes in the Earth’s climate that will influence the effectiveness of the Southern Ocean CO2 sink Continue Reading

    A changing climate has brought the Southern Ocean into sharp focus, not only due to the physical changes we are observing in the ice levels and sea surface temperatures around Antarctica, and their effect on currents, but on the biology and life within the oceans. When sailing across the oceans, you notice their Continue Reading